Scotland's Changing Climate
Scotland has seen major developments in the effort to mitigate and adapt to climate change. In 2019 the Scottish Government declared a global climate emergency and revised the Climate Change Act’s Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission targets to a reduction of 75% by 2030, 90% by 2040 in comparison with 1990 levels, and net-zero emissions by 2045.
The latest climate change projections show that Scotland is expected to experience milder and wetter winters, hotter and drier summers, and an increase in extreme weather event intensity. This poses several risks including increased flooding, droughts, incidences of pests and disease and losses of biodiversity.