To make best use of nutrients and manures on the farm and reduce emissions.
Better targeting of fertilisers can cut waste and improve profits. For the majority, it will not be practical or economic to replace all fertilisers with manures and slurries, but the aim should be to make maximum use of the manures and slurries that are available on the farm.
- Soil testing will help you to know the pH and nutrient status of farm soils, allowing you to adjust lime and fertiliser inputs as required
- Make sure you know the nutrient value of your manure and slurry; use this first then top up with bought in fertilisers
- Apply fertilisers at optimum rates for the crop
- Improve the timing of nutrient applications to meet crop requirements
- Make sure that you separate slurry and fertiliser applications
- Include clover in grass rotations
- Choose plant varieties which use less nitrogen or fix nitrogen more efficiently
Each 10m³ tanker of dairy slurry could contain the equivalent of £30 to £50 worth of fertiliser. How you apply slurry makes a difference – applying slurry close to the growing crop with a trailing shoe or similar reduces nutrients lost to the atmosphere when compared to a splash plate application.
Help and Advice
For further information and advice, take a look at our Practical Guides.
A free nutrient management programme tailored to Scottish Conditions is available through PLANET Scotland.
Advice on soils, fertilisers and manures is available through the FAS helpline www.fas.scot/advice-and-grants.
For advice on making the best use of fertilisers, protecting soils and to see what other farmers have done, see our range of Practical Guides, Farmer Case Studies and notes from Climate Change Focus Farm meetings. Farming and Water Scotland and the Soil Nutrient Network and also provide useful information.
- Applying nutrients (448.08 KB, PDF)
- Alleviating soil compaction (680.82 KB, PDF)
- Establishing a grass clover sward (565.69 KB, PDF)
- Improving soil quality (699.59 KB, PDF)
- Maximising performance of grass leys (493.41 KB, PDF)
- Nitrogen fixation (660.82 KB, PDF)
- Optimising inorganic nitrogen (445.94 KB, PDF)
- Optimising organic nitrogen (599.2 KB, PDF)
- Soil management (764.15 KB, PDF)
- Valuing Your Soils: Practical guidance for Scottish farmers (3.53 MB, PDF)
- Greenhouse gas emissions (2.54 MB, PDF)
- Managing soil Phosphorus (765KB, PDF)
- Nutrient Budgeting I (644 KB, PDF)
- Nutrient Budgeting II (503 KB, PDF)
- Soil Sampling I (437 KB, PDF)
- Soil Sampling II (555 KB, PDF)