Through tweaks to current practices, farms are in a good position to lower their carbon footprint and lock carbon into the soil and vegetation. This process is known as creating ‘carbon sinks’ or sometimes referred to as ‘carbon sequestration’.

Through the Woodland Carbon Code, some farms participate in ‘carbon offset’ schemes through planting woodland and bringing an additional income stream into the business.

Practical Measures

  • Take action to control soil erosion
  • Protect peatland and moorland from damage by avoiding ploughing, drainage and over grazing
  • Consider reduced tillage on suitable land and ploughing-in stubble and other crop residues
  • Manage existing farm woodlands and consider new planting
  • Create wildlife corridors along water margins, field margins and headlands
  • Retain and conserve semi-natural grasslands
  • Protect and where necessary restore wetlands including floodplain management

Take a Carbon Audit

A carbon footprint identifies the quantity and source of GHG emissions (carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) associated with an activity or a product through its life cycle and, when benchmarked, highlights areas where improvements can be made that will reduce emissions and save money.

At the farm level emissions arise from the use of fossil fuels, manufactured inputs, manure, as a natural by-product of animal digestion, cultivation of soils and changes in land use and vegetation. Beyond the farm gate agri-food chains also emit emissions through activities such as processing, packaging, waste management and haulage.

Find out more about carbon auditing from our AgRE Calc© webpage.

Other carbon footprinting tools also available include:

Carbon auditing is also available as part of an Integrated Land Management Plan (ILMP).

For further information and advice, take a look at our Practical Guides:

The full range of our Practical Guides is available via the 'Downloads' link at the foot of this page.

Advice on conservation, biodiversity and farm woodlands is available through the FAS helpline and may also be available from other conservation bodies

For advice on locking in carbon and protecting soils and to see what other farmers have done, see our range of Practical Guides and Farmer Case StudiesFarming and Water Scotland and the Soil & Nutrient Network also provide useful information.