Through tweaks to current practices, farms are in a good position to lower their carbon footprint and lock carbon into the soil and vegetation. This process is known as creating ‘carbon sinks’ or sometimes referred to as ‘carbon sequestration’.

Through the Woodland Carbon Code, some farms participate in ‘carbon offset’ schemes through planting woodland and bringing an additional income stream into the business.

Practical Measures

  • Take action to control soil erosion 
  • Protect peatland and moorland from damage by avoiding ploughing, drainage and over grazing 
  • Consider reduced tillage on suitable land and ploughing-in stubble and other crop residues
  • Manage existing farm woodlands and consider new planting
  • Create wildlife corridors along water margins, field margins and headlands
  • Retain and conserve semi-natural grasslands
  • Protect and where necessary restore wetlands including floodplain management

Help and Advice

For further information and advice, take a look at our Practical Guides via the 'Downloads' link at the foot of this page.

Advice on conservation, biodiversity and farm woodlands is available through the FAS helpline and may also be available from other conservation bodies

For advice on locking in carbon and protecting soils and to see what other farmers have done, see our range of Practical Guides and Farmer Case StudiesFarming and Water Scotland and the Soil Nutrient Network also provide useful information.