Kate and Ed Rowell run Hundleshope farm as 5th generation farmers; the family have been farming on the tenanted farm Hundleshope in Peebleshire, Scottish Borders for over 50 years and have been on the estate for over 150 years.
Kate and Ed took over from Kate’s father in 2004 after moving home from County Durham where Kate worked as a vet. The farm extends to 750ha ranging from flat ground capable of growing barley to a heather hill rising to 2200ft. The farm runs a flock of around 450 cross bred ewes, mainly mules producing finished lambs. In addition the farm runs 300 blackface ewes on the hill land being tupped with the cheviot and producing store lambs. The farms suckler cow enterprise has a range of native bred cows utilising Charolais, Shorthorn and Luing bulls, again producing calves for the store market.
John Brown and his family have been farming at Gaindykehead Farm near Airdrie in North Lanarkshire for many generations, operating a dairy farm in the 1960's up to 2006 when they decided to cease milk production on their 102 hectare unit and started finishing cattle bought from other farms and crofts around Scotland. Annually the business buys in around 2,500 beef bred steers and heifers at around 500 kg liveweight and finishes them on a ration of potatoes, silage and barley in around 100 days. The farm utilises home grown grass silage and food waste in the form of rejected potatoes from supermarkets and other products such as bread waste to feed their cattle. They also use wood fines from local mills to bed cattle, which is also surplus to other industries' needs.
Michael Ritch farms at East Fingask, Old Meldrum in the North East of Scotland, he farms alongside his father and is the third generation to farm the land.
The business operates a large mixed farming system, extending over 506 hectares of land. The business grows a range of winter and spring arable crops, runs a herd of 170 suckler cows and a flock of 1,050 ewes.
Michael introduced the sheep enterprise back in 2015, following the purchase of land near the unit that is not suitable for arable production.
Sam Parsons is the farm director for Balcaskie Estate, near Anstruther in Fife. Sam along with his team run a large arable, beef and sheep business, who’s focus has changed in recent years, moving away from a conventional production-driven system, to a more holistic, regenerative approach. The estate is mid way through an organic conversion and utilises mob grazing and herbal leys to improve soil health and biodiversity, without compromising stock performance. Historically all cattle were housed at Balcaskie on a straw based system. In a bid to reduce costs, Sam trialled outwintering cattle on a bale grazing system which was very successful last year.
Mountfair Farming Ltd farm in the arable heartland of the Scottish Borders. The business grows a range of arable crops as owner occupiers and contract farmers. The 6 year crop rotation looks to maximise 1st wheat with break crops of spring oats, oilseed rape and vining peas or beans. Greening requirements are principally met by field margins of grass or wild bird seed, hedges and lastly fallow.
Craigengillan Estate near Dalmellington, Ayrshire is run by Mark Gibson as a mixed estate with hill farming, forestry, conservation management & diversification including holiday cottages, The Scottish Dark Sky Observatory & livery stables. The Estate has 1,140ha of hill grazing, peatland, improved pasture, and young and established woodlands.
West Mains of Kinblethmont, managed by Robert Ramsay in partnership with his family, covers 750 hectares and grows winter wheat, spring and winter barley, oilseed rape and both ware and seed potatoes. After using min till (minimum tillage) techniques and linking this with yield mapping, Robert identified that even light trafficking was having a measurable impact on crop yields. Robert saw controlled traffic farming (CTF) as a way to protect farm soils and improve yields if it worked for his farming system.
Kirkton and Auchtertyre are SRUC’s research farms in the West Highlands. They manage projects using the livestock, land and vegetation on the farm. The farms rise from the cultivated flood plain of the River Fillan, climbing high above the West Highland rail line, to a series of mountain tops at the head of the catchment.
The farm covers 303 hectares of mainly grass and hill ground. Crops include 8 ha of turnips and 40 ha of forestry. The farm runs 85 autumn calving Shorthorn and Salers. There are 250 pure Cheviot ewes plus an additional 800-1000 lambs bought in to finish.
Located seven miles west of Dundee, Balruddery Farm is a 170 ha arable unit between 70 and 125m above sea level on the lower slopes of the Sidlaw Hills. The soil is a sandy loam, slightly shallow in depth.
Ednie Farm has been in Elaine’s family for 4 generations. As well as growing OSR, wheat and barley, we run a suckler herd with up to 190 cows and their followers. The herd is in the PCHS scheme and our high health status stock achieve a premium price. Ednie Farms won Royal Northern Agricultural Society Good Farming Practice Award in 2007 which recognises success in combining business efficiency with a high standard of environmental management.
Glensaugh was originally established as an experimental farm in 1943. It extends to 1,000 hectares (ha) and lies in the Grampian foothills. Glensaugh’s primary land use is hill farming, which continues to support the research programme. Over 700 ha of acid moorland complemented by improved pasture and arable land (about 70 ha) is used to feed the 400 flock of Blackface and 500 crossbred ewes, 50 Blue Grey suckler cows and 90 breeding hinds.
Kinstair Farm near Alford Aberdeenshire is run by John French as part of a wider farming and seed business. The farm covers 83 hectares and is mostly arable growing spring barley for malting and seed. The farm has also provided hill grazing for a herd of 80 beef suckler cows and calves.
My brother Gavin and I own Phantassie and Garvald Mains Farms and manage them as a single business. We grow cereals and potatoes, as well as renting out ground for vegetables and at Garvald Mains we grow cereals and run sheep and both Aberdeen Angus and continental cattle. We try to finish the cattle entirely on home-grown feed including brock tatties.
Auchnieve and Mains of Thornton are farmed by brothers Kenneth and Leslie Cooper, with the assistance of four staff. The farm business is currently split between both conventional and organic units. At Mains of Thornton, we are organic, so self sufficient in this respect.
The research side of the farm means that we have a higher staffing than normal and it also alters some of our practices but we still operate as a commercial dairy farm, milking 500+ cows three times a day with yields averaging 9,000 litres. We make grass silage, maize silage and grow cereals for feeding to dairy cows.