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Case Study: Douglas Ruxton

Douglas Ruxton, Moss-side of Esslie

Douglas Ruxton farms Moss-side of Esslie, near Fettercairn, a 121 ha arable unit.

With over 6km of ditches on the farm, Douglas looked at improving drainage as one way to benefit farm soils.  He noted that bigger tractors and more heavy machinery were having an impact on farm soils, so looked at what else he could do.


Healthy Soils

  • Strip-till - Following some research and investigation, Douglas moved away from traditional ploughing to direct drilling, investing in a Claydon Strip Till Drill and straw harrow.   Moving to this system in 2010, Douglas has learned a lot about his soils already, and on the whole, is very encouraged by the results to date.   A reduced spend on fuel, less wear and tear on the drill and improved ‘resilience’ in terms of carrying capacity are all benefits Douglas has seen following the switch.  However, there have been some challenges on the way, for example, the wet autumn in 2012 and dealing with slugs, although the straw harrow has been pretty effective.
  • More worms - The change in soil management meant worm populations have increased across the farm, with plenty of worm casts in evidence on the soil surface.   A healthy earthworm population really benefits farm soils, from improving nutrient availability, better drainage and improving soil structure.
  • What's next? - Douglas is keen to see what else he can do to benefit farm soils.  Douglas said: “You need to get the basics right before going to high tech.  Your farm soils are one of your biggest assets - speak to others, do your homework and have a go.  Don’t be scared to do something different”

This Case Study is available to download here.


With sowing all complete, Douglas just has some rolling to do before the spring rush is over. Below are some observations from 6th April 2021.

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Incremental improvements are the name of the game at Moss-side of Esslie. Small but significant steps towards regenerative agriculture have been made by Douglas who is trying cover crops for the first time in many years. Here are some observations and plans for the future from 14th August 2020.
  Read more here.

Although Douglas isn’t trialling as many new techniques as other FFBC group members, Douglas is perfecting his system which he has now been using for 8 years. Every year presents a new challenge but Douglas’s attention to detail is clearly visible in the crops at Moss-side of Esslie. Here are some observations for 2nd June 2020.

  Read more here.

Douglas has been using his Claydon drill for several years and prefers its establishment due to its ability to work at depth if necessary. This strip-till drill can work at 8 inches depth if Douglas feels that there are underlying compaction issues in his heavy soils.  Click on the link above to watch the drill in action.

  Read more here.